Acquired brain injuries (ABI’s) are common, and treatment can be a grueling process. This injuries can be sustained in a number of ways, including automobile accidents and workplace injuries. Once damage is done, it can take years for the person who suffered the injury to begin to once again lead a normal life.
Recovery plans will depend on the severity, as well as the nature of the brain injury. However, even minor brain injuries usually require rehabilitation. These programs are usually centered on dual goals of restoring cognitive function and assisting the victim to return to normal life.
In order to accomplish these goals, there are several categories of treatment.
Physical care is the most basic of all services for patients. Assisting victims by helping them get adequate nutrition and medication is essential for recovery. Those coming back from the most serious of brain injuries can even lose the ability to bathe and feed themselves. These life skills can take a long time to re-learn after a serious accident.
Serious brain injuries can cause severe problems with communication. In the most severe cases, talking my become unintelligible. Even patients who suffer lesser injuries can experience aphasia, which causes a person to say different words than they meant to use while talking. In either case, caretakers need to be aware that victims can feel frustrated and angry at their own inability to communicate effectively.
Psychological care of acquired brain injury victims becomes a serious issue. Patients who were living normal, perhaps highly successful lives, suddenly find themselves dependent on others for basic care. This can also affect the way the victim interacts with other people. Social interactions may need special attention as people return to their friends and family.
Acquired brain injury can be extremely painful on a physical level, as well. Caretakers must balance the needs of a patient to be free of pain with the ever-present risk of the misuse of drugs.
Another aspect of life after a brain injury that can cause challenges for patients is the need for mobility devices, such as wheelchairs. The need to use such devices, even on a temporary basis, is often hard for victims of brain injuries.
Those who suffer from ABI need all the support they can get from family and other loved ones. It is, therefore, important for those who will help care for victims after they leave formal care to learn about acquired brain injury.